Why Is The Vulture Population Declining In India?

The population of the White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) fell 99.7% between 1993 and 2002. The populations of the Indian vulture (Gyps indicus) and the slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) fell 97.4%.
Oct 10, 2017, 10:11 am ISTBirdsLoveAnimals Staff
Vultures In India
  Vultures In India

In India Vultures are mostly resident birds at the western Himalayan states with breeding populations in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Found across southern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, India, Nepal and Tibet it is one of the larger vulture species but are unusual in that they don't have a bald head and neck.

Vultures are on the verge of extinction in India because a banned drug is still being used illegally to treat suffering cattle. When the birds eat carcasses of animals treated with the drugs, they experience acute kidney failure and die within days. India's introduction of diclofenac in the 1990s proved immediately calamitous to the country's vultures. Diclofenac, a veterinary drug given to livestock which is toxic to vultures who feed on animals that die naturally or are brought down by other animals. One species, the Indian white-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis), declined by 99.9 percent.

 

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