Tarsier (family Tarsiidae), any of six or more species of small leaping primates found only on various islands of Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. Tarsiers prefer life in lowland or low mountain forests, mangroves and scrubs. Vast majority of tarsiers are listed as endangered due to habitat loss, hunting, introduction of new species and because of the pet trade.
The length of the head to the body of Tarsier is around 10 to 15 cm. The length of the feet is twice as long as the body’s length. It also has slender tail which has the length at 20 to 25 cm. The physical appearance of tarsier is seen on the small body. But this animal has the huge eyes. The diameter of the eyes is around 16 mm. The balance of the head and eyes can be achieved by the animal due to the unique cranial anatomy. When they wait for the prey, tarsiers remain in silent.
Tarsiers are carnivorous animals (meat-eaters). Their diet consists mainly of insects, but they can also eat small birds, bats, lizards and snakes. Tarsiers spray urine on the tree branches to mark their territory. Tarsiers spray urine on the tree branches to mark their territory.
Tarsiers catch their prey by leaping from one branch to another. They can leap a distance of up to 16.4 feet. Fingers and toes are equipped with pads and long nails which help them grip both the branches and the prey.
Main predators of tarsiers are cats, birds of prey and large snakes. Life span of tarsiers depends on the species. It is usually between 12 and 20 years in the wild. Tarsiers are very sensitive to a life in captivity and very small percent of animals manage to survive behind the bars.