The Japanese green pheasant is unique and it appears in Japanese folktale and so has become an integral part of Japanese cultural landscape. It is said that Green Pheasant is a messenger of Amaterasu, the Sun Goddess. Amaterasu was the ruler of the heavens, so her association with the Pheasant made it a symbol of power, abundance and promise.
It is also believed that Pheasants can detect earthquake a few minutes before the happening and make loud sounds. So they are protective and bring messages to us of what will happen. There is also a proverb, Yakeno no kigisu, yoru no tsuru (?????????, “like a pheasant when the fields are burning or a crane on a cold night”, meaning parents will risk life and limb for their children.”
The male has dark green plumage on the breast and mantle. The male also has an iridescent violet neck, red bare facial skin and purplish green tail. The female is smaller than the male and has plumage ranging from light brown with dark spots to an all over dark brown.
Green Pheasants are found throughout Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu as well as some smaller islands; it has also been introduced in Hawaii and (unsuccessfully) in North America as a gamebird. It inhabits woodlands and forest edges, brush, grassland, and parkland.